Anatomy and Physiology

Paper Code: 
PHE - 301
Contact Hours: 
Unit I: 

1. Meaning and Concept of Anatomy and Physiology

2. Need and Importance of Anatomy and Physiology

3. Definition of Cell, Tissue, Organ and Organ Systems

Unit II: 
Skeletal & Muscular System

1. Structure and Functions of human skeleton

2. Definition of Joints, Classifications and Movements of Joints

3. Minute structure of Voluntary muscles

4. Type of Muscles (Voluntary, Involuntary, and Cardiac muscles)

Unit III: 
Circulatory and Respiratory System

1. Circulatory System – Organs and Function

2. Respiratory System & the Mechanism of Respiration

Unit IV: 
Nervous, Digestive, Glandular System

1. Nervous Dystem- Functions  & Classification of Nervous system

2. Digestive Dystem – Chief organs of Digestive Dystem, Functions of the various Glands associated with this System

3. Types and Functions of Exocrine and Endocrine Glands

Unit V: 
Physical Fitness & Training

1. Meaning, Importance and Factors affecting Physical Fitness

2. Different Training Methods- Circuit, Interval, Weight, Fartlek Training

3. Motor Fitness Components - Strength, Speed, Endurance, Flexibility, Coordinative Ability

4. Warming-up and Cooling Down, its Physiological Advantages

Essential Readings: 

1. Ajmer Singh- Basis of physical Education, Health and Sports (B.A. II): Kalyani Publication Ludhiana.

2. Cuyton A.C.: Functions of Human Body: W.B. Saunders Co. London


1. Morehouse and Miller – Physiology of Exercise: C.V. Moshy Co., St. Lewis.

2. Karpovich and Sinneer : Physiology and Muscular Activity: W.B. Saunders Co. London.

3. Pearce J.W.: Anatomy for students and teachers of physical education: Edward Arnold and Co. London

Academic Year: